Kurt Masur honored by Google Doodle - Why is the conductor Kurt Masur is celebrated on Birthday?

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Kurt Masur celebrated by Google Doodle – why is the German conductor being celebrated on his 91st birthday?

The orchestral supremo became world-renowned for his his faith in the intensity of music to 'bring humanity closer together'

Kurst Masur was born on July 18, 1927, in Brieg, a town now known as Brzeg in modern day Poland.

He was called up as a youngster to join the "Volkssturm" German militia in late 1944 as World War Two entered its final stages.

Aged 17, Masur was captured by Allied forces after just 27 of the 150 soldiers in his unit survived military operation.

Following the war, he studied piano, composition and conducting in Leipzig, but left before completing his studies after being offered a job at the age of 21.

Masur twice conducted the Dresden Philharmoic Orchestra – from 1955 to 1958 and 1947 to 1972 – and took the prestigious role of Kappelmesiter of the Gewandhausorchester Leipzig in 1970.

He stayed in the position until 1996, performing Beehoven's ninth symphony at the German reunification celebrations in 1990.

From 1991 to 2002 he was the music director of the New York Philharmonic, and the principal conductor of the London Philharmonic Orchestra from 2000 to 2007.

In New York, he directed Brahms's Deutsches Requim following the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001.

As well as receiving numerous musical honours, he was named Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour by the French government, became a New York City Cultural Ambassador and was given the Commander Cross of Merit by the Polish Republic.

Masur was married thrice, and had a total of five children including son Ken-David, a classical singer and conductor.

In 2015 died at the age of 88 in Greenwich, Connecticut, after suffering complications of Parkinson's disease.

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Today Google is showing a Doodle for Hedwig Kohn physicist, who was was a pioneer in physics and one of only three women who obtained Habilitation in physics before World War II. She and the other two physicists, Lise Meitner and Hertha Sponer, were forced to leave Germany during the Nazi regime. Here is what Google Doodle page ( https://www.google.com/doodles/hedwig-kohns-132nd-birthday) explain about her: "Taking us inside Hedwig Kohn’s lab, today’s Doodle by Hamburg-based guest artist Carolin Löbbert celebrates the life and science of the pioneering physicist. After earning her doctorate in 1913, Kohn went on to become one of only three women certified to teach physics at a German university before World War II. As a Jewish woman living in Nazi Germany, Kohn was barred from her teaching position in 1933. She spent the next several years fulfilling research contracts in industrial physics before fleeing to the US in 1940. There, she returned to her passion, teaching at the Woman’s College of the University of North Carolina and Wellesley College in Massachusetts until 1952. After retiring from the classroom, Kohn took on a research associate position at Duke. In the sub-basement of the school’s physics building, where her lab was located, she directed Ph.D students in their research while continuing her own work in flame spectronomy—something she had started in 1912. Over the years, Kohn’s work resulted in more than 20 publications, one patent, and hundreds of textbook pages that were used to introduce students to the field of radiometry (a set of techniques meant to measure electromagnetic radiation, including visible light) well into the 1960s. Happy 132nd birthday, Hedwig Kohn!" Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hedwig_Kohn She was Born in Breslau, Province of Silesia, Kohn was the daughter of Georg Kohn (1850–1932), a wholesale merchant of fine cloth, and Helene Hancke (1859–1926), a member of a well-to-do Breslau family. Hedwig entered the university in Breslau in 1907 as the second woman in the physics department. She obtained her doctorate in physics under Otto Lummer in 1913, and was soon appointed as Lummer's assistant. She stayed at the university's Physics Institute during World War I, and obtained her Habilitation in 1930. Read about her: https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4512

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ਵੋਟ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਕਰੀਏ #ਭਾਰਤ

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